Expect Solid Job Growth in Upcoming BLS State Release

On Friday November 20th, the BLS will release the state wage and salary employment data through October. In light of the release of U.S. employment earlier this month, the state data is likely to show solid job growth in most cases. This brief overview of the national economy sets the tone for the upcoming release of the Colorado data.

The U.S. Economy
In a nutshell, some of the top reasons to feel upbeat about the U.S. economy are:
• U.S. Consumer Sentiment is up as measured by the University of Michigan Consumer Sentiment Survey.
• There was strong U.S. job growth for October – 271,000 jobs were added.
• The U.S. unemployment rate continues to decline. Theoretically, the U.S. is at or near full employment and the economy is operating efficiently.
• The ISM Non-Manufacturing Purchasing Managers Index is strong.
• Construction spending continues to be strong.
• Many companies are cash rich and they are strategically expanding through mergers and acquisitions.
• Inflation remains low.

Turbulence – Concerns That we Have Come to Grips With
There are always reasons for people to feel jittery about the economy.
• Since 2010 there have been concerns that the Greek debt crisis would unravel the EU. Those concerns reappeared earlier this year, but have subsided.
• There are worries that the slowdown in the growth rate for the Chinese economy and the impact it will have on their immediate trading partners will cause a downturn in the global economy. This is less of an issue than it was several months ago
• The summer volatility in the equity markets has subsided. The VIX has dropped from almost 41 in late August to about 17 on November 19th. Much of the lost ground has been regained. For example, the S&P 500 closed at 2,081 on November 19th, up from 1,868 in late August.
• The inaction of the Fed to raise interest rates is reminiscent of a shy high school boy who is smitten with his first girl friend. He keeps thinking, “Is now the right time for me to kiss her.” And she is thinking, “He must not like me because he won’t kiss me.” While many agree that a rate increase is long overdue, the issue is the timing of that increase – just like that first kiss. Now is the time.

Turbulence – Areas that Continue to Make us Uneasy
Terrorism and the price of oil are areas that cause everyone to toss and turn at night.
• It is unlikely we will ever get used to the “sick-in-your-stomach feeling” caused by ISIS and other terrorist groups. Their direct impact is psychological. Indirectly, consumers will be more cautious and businesses will be obligated to spend more on security.
• For over a year now, the price of oil has disrupted the economies in Tier I oil producing states. In some states such as Colorado, production has remained strong; however, it will likely drop off as there is a glut of oil and a lack of storage facilities. Problems in the industry could be exacerbated by further declines in the price for a barrel of oil caused by the glut. Some industry experts project oil could drop to $20 per barrel.

Other National Concerns
Holiday retail sales are projected to increase by 3.5% to 4.0% compared to last year and online sales will be double that amount. This is solid growth, but is an issue only in the sense that it is not stronger.

The major concern about the U.S. economy is the manufacturing sector. The ISM manufacturing index has trended downward since August 2014 and has been near 50 for the past two months. Purchasing managers are ambivalent about the level of growth in their companies. At the moment the industry appears to be on the verge of a downturn.

Concluding Thought
With this as a background, Coloradans should expect the upcoming BLS report to say that job growth will be much stronger than recent months.

Colorado Lost 700 Jobs – Don’t Believe It

Earlier this morning, the Colorado Department of Labor and Employment issued a press release stating that Colorado lost 700 jobs in August compared to the previous month. The data series was adjusted.

The data does not reflect what is happening on the street. It fails to echo the confidence that consumers have in the national and state economy.

• The ISM indices for manufacturing and the services sector are positive.
• While some of the construction data is flat or down, NAHB data is up, suggesting better data in the months ahead.
• On 9/26, the Q2 GDP will be revised. The third estimate is expected to be revised upwards to 4.8ish.

Locally, there is even stronger reason to be optimistic.

• The state made it through the summer without any major fires, floods, or other natural disasters (knock on wood).
• The number of business establishments continues to increase. The leaders in relative growth are Broomfield, Denver, Douglas, and Boulder.
• Universities and K-12 are better funded than a year ago.
• Retail sales tax collections up, as evidenced by increased budgets for the state and many municipalities.
• The State General Fund has collected more revenue, a reflection of improved business and personal income taxes.
• The Colorado Tourism Office has reported a record level of tourism visitation and spending for the summer months.
• Developers are optimistic – believably optimistic.

From a methodological perspective, there are multiple reasons why the data will likely be revised upwards next month and later in March 2015. While it is possible the data turned down slightly in August, it is difficult to believe there were seasonally adjusted job losses in August.

Colorado Loses 700 Jobs


ISM Manufacturing Index Points to Continued Growth

The Institute of Supply Management produces the Purchasing Managers Index (PMI), a measure of sentiment among manufacturing purchasing managers. The November PMI registered 52.7, an increase from 50.8 in October. November marks the 28th consecutive month of expansion for the PMI and the manufacturing sector.

Generally speaking, a reading above 50 indicates that the manufacturing economy is expanding while a reading below 50 points to a general contraction in manufacturing. A reading above 42.5 points to expansion in the overall economy. (November is the 30th month the PMI has been above 42.5).

Looking back over the past decade, manufacturing was hit hard during the 2001 recession and did not show sustained expansion until mid-2003. Sentiment remained strong for about a year then gradually tapered off with a severe decline in mid-2008. Despite 28 months of expansion, the PMI approached 50 in October.

Manufacturing is important because it is a source of primary jobs. In Colorado it is a particularly important part of the Boulder, Larimer, and Weld Counties. Each of the three areas has different manufacturing strengths.

©Copyright 2011 by CBER.